How do you care for an electric car?

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How do you care for an electric car?

How do you care for an electric car?
If you own a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHVW) or an all-electric vehicle (AEV), your maintenance requirements are likely to be different from what you are used to from a gas-only engine. For example, there are no spark plug, emission or exhaust system checks. Since the PHVW still has a gas engine, you will need to pay attention to these standard automotive maintenance tasks. However, this article focuses on the components of electric vehicles.

As with all cars, quantity and type of use will affect your car maintenance schedule. If you regularly use your electric car for repeated short trips, drive in freezing temperatures, stop and go in hot weather, drive in dusty conditions or on uneven roads, or use a roof rack, you should follow a strict maintenance schedule.

If you use your electric vehicle primarily for long, quiet trips at a constant speed, less frequent maintenance checks may be required. Also note that each electric and hybrid vehicle manufacturer has slightly different maintenance recommendations based on the type of system and materials used in the construction of the vehicle. Always follow the recommendations of your manufacturer.

Brakes

Most electric cars offer regenerative braking, which usually takes longer than the braking systems of standard vehicles. However, you will want to check the brake fluid regularly and replace it about every one to two years. Also monitor brake pads, lines, cables and rotors.

Air Filters

The microfilter in the cabin has the important task of keeping the circulating air clean. Remove it and look at the appearance. It should be white and not brown. Replace it annually or more often if necessary.

Tires

Like other vehicles, you must maintain the correct tire pressure and change your tires according to a recommended schedule. While rotating the tyres or if you want to do it yourself, carry out an annual inspection of the axle and suspension parts, the drive shaft sleeves, the ball joints of the front suspension, the steering gear and the linkage.

Charging Port

The charging connection is an essential component that does not belong to a standard vehicle. Every time you plug in your electric car, check the connection for dirt. Also check the cap. If necessary, clean it with compressed air and suitable eye protection.

FOB

Your FOB is the key to registration when it comes to your electric vehicle. Avoid a dead battery that will disable your key by replacing it approximately every 18 months.

Fluids

Electric vehicles have much less fluids that need to be checked regularly than a standard vehicle. For example, there is no oil that needs to be maintained. However, you still need to monitor the oil in the reduction gear, the coolant used for the air conditioning, the brake fluid and the wiper fluid.

Wiper Blades

Electric vehicles use standard wiper blades, and just like their gas-powered friends, EV wipers wear, warp and break. Replace your wipers once or twice a year, usually in the autumn before the winter weather sets in and again in the spring if necessary.

Batteries

Rechargeable batteries are at the heart of the electric vehicle system, so their maintenance is a critical task. Monitor the charge level of your batteries daily and keep records of their performance. You will probably find that temperature, wind and speed affect battery efficiency. Most new EVs come with a warranty that covers the battery for eight years or 100,000 miles, whichever comes first. In some states this warranty is for 10 years or 150,000 miles, whichever comes first. However, your batteries will lose efficiency over time and eventually need to be replaced.

According to Carfax, you can extend the overall life of your battery by acting cautiously on a daily basis, and Carfax recommends: "Keep the charge level of your battery between 20% and 80% whenever possible. If you repeatedly charge the battery to full charge, it will deteriorate faster. This also applies if you leave the battery in a low state of charge for a long period of time. Most EVs have settings that allow you to choose when and how fully to charge the battery".

Powertrain

Electric car engines require less maintenance than their gas counterparts, but dealers still keep checklists of things they need to check from time to time. For example, Tesla recommends transmission servicing for some of its models every 12 years or 150,000 miles. That sounds pretty good if you are used to having a check-up every six months, but the point is that you should follow the car manufacturer's specific maintenance recommendations.

Standard Cleaning Upkeep

In addition to the body components, electric car owners also have the typical car care tasks such as washing, waxing and detailing the interior. Use the right cleaning and moisturizing creams for your type of seat cover. Also take care of the dashboard and steering wheel. Keep dirt and liquids away from your screen and wipe it regularly when cleaning the mirrors and windows.


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