When purchasing car insurance, there can often be a lot of choice
available, with many levels of cover on offer and various optional cover
elements which need to be considered. This car insurance guide aims to
explain certain elements of car insurance which may help you when you
come to purchase your policy.
There are three types of car insurance cover available - comprehensive, third party fire & theft and third party only cover.
Comprehensive car insurance
The main benefit of comprehensive car insurance is that it includes
cover for accidental damage. Cover is also provided for damage caused by
fire or theft as well as bodily injury or damage caused to someone
else's property. There are also many other common features which are
included in comprehensive car insurance policies, such as:
- glass replacement (windscreen, sunroof and windows);
- 'new for old' replacement for vehicles less than 12 months old;
- loss of, or damage to, personal property inside your vehicle, up to a certain limit;
- medical expenses, up to a certain limit; and
- personal accident, which pays out a small sum if you or someone in your car is seriously injured or killed.
- Comprehensive car insurance offers greater cover for unforeseen
events and greater piece of mind, given the inclusion of cover for
accidental damage to your own vehicle.
Third party car insurance
Third party car insurance is the minimum level of cover available, and covers the following liabilities:
- Injuries to your passengers and people outside your car.
- Damage to someone else's property.
Third party, fire and theft
Third party, fire and theft cover provides the above as well as cover
for your vehicle in the event of it being stolen or damaged by fire or
by attempted theft.
Choosing third party fire and theft over a
more basic third party policy will still result in lower premiums than
comprehensive car insurance, but will provide greater cover in case of a
real emergency – giving more peace of mind than third party insurance
No claims discount (NCD)
A motor insurance policy is an annually renewable contract. A no
claims discount (NCD) is a reward for not claiming on the policy during
the previous 12 months. The discount level rises for each consecutive
12-month period in which you have not made a claim, and is transferable
if you switch to another insurer. You usually need to be claim-free for
five years to receive the maximum discount, which is typically around
If you manage to accrue the maximum no claim discount, an
insurer will generally offer the chance to protect it for a small fee.
This feature is known as 'protected no claims discount' and means that
you will not lose your no claims discount if you make a claim under your
policy that is deemed to be your fault or where your insurer cannot
recover the costs of the claim. However, you should be aware that there
will be a limit on the number of claims allowed over a certain period
and therefore, it is important to check the details of a policy.
insurance providers also offer 'guaranteed' no claims discount
protection, which means they will not reduce your NCD, irrespective of
the number or type of claims made under the policy.
Uninsured loss recovery
Uninsured loss recovery (ULR) cover (sometimes sold as 'legal
expenses') is usually provided as an optional car insurance feature,
although there are a number of policies that include cover as a standard
benefit. It allows you to seek legal representation to recover losses
not covered by your policy, for example personal injury or the excess
that you may have to pay when you car is repaired.
Many car insurers now include breakdown cover as part of their
policies, either as an optional extension or as a standard benefit. The
most common covers available include: 'roadside assistance', 'recovery'
and 'home service'.
'Roadside assistance' provides help and
assistance at the roadside to get your car repaired so that you can
continue your journey. 'Recovery' services will recover your car if it
cannot be repaired at the roadside, towing it to the nearest garage or
your home address. 'Home service' includes cover should your car
breakdown at your home address. European breakdown cover is also
available with some car insurance policies and will provide breakdown
insurance when you take your car abroad.
How can I reduce my car insurance premiums?
There are a number of ways that you can reduce your premium. Some of
these will not cost you a thing, while others will mean a little bit of
investment in your vehicle:
- Similarly, if a tracking device is fitted to your car, an insurer may provide a discount.
- If you are able to park your car in a garage or car park, your premium may be lower.
- Request a voluntary excess.
- If you are married and your spouse can drive, add them to your
policy, as typically the premiums charged are lower than for just
- If you have more than one car, check whether the provider offers a discount for insuring the second car.
- Similarly, if you have other insurance (such as your home insurance) with the same insurer, ask if they provide a discount.
- Many insurers will provide a discount if you feel comfortable with
purchasing cover online, but be careful, as insurers often compensate
the loss in premium by applying a higher compulsory excess.
- Shop around as insurers are always willing to provide better deals.